Every couple has the dream to get pregnant and they do every possible act which will make this dream come true. Every step during pregnancy like getting pregnant, carrying the baby, and delivering the baby are equally important.
To smoothly sail through the different steps, the mother needs to strong and healthy which can be achieved by a balanced and healthy diet along with essential physical activities. A balanced diet will help in achieving equilibrium between carbs, protein, fats, and nutrients.
During pregnancy, the energy and nutrient requirements shoot up due to weight gain, growth, and development of the fetus. It is necessary for carrying the mother to maintain a healthy weight for the sound growth and development of the baby.
The iron absorption in pregnant women is very efficient and increases the blood volume to provide enough oxygen supply for the mother and the baby.
10 Foods & Beverages that Must be Avoided During Pregnancy
A balanced and healthy diet is the key to maintain the perfect harmony between macro-and micro-nutrients essential for the growth and development of babies and the health of pregnant women. However certain food items and beverages may be harmful during pregnancy.
Some of the food items which might have detrimental to pregnant women and baby and discussed along with their salient features.
Unpasteurized Dairy and Dairy Products
In urban areas, we are lucky to have only pasteurized milk however people living in the outskirts don’t have this sort of leverage and they are forced to have unpasteurized milk which may be harmful if consumed without boiling.
Unpasteurized milk and its associated dairy product may contain harmful microorganisms and lead to listeriosis, toxoplasmosis, and campylobacter. It can also be present in goat and sheep milk and its derived products.
Raw and Uncooked Meat
Due to the lifestyle changes, we opted for different cooking styles which may not be perfect cook for pregnant women and baby like grilled meat. It’s never been advisable to eat uncooked meat or raw fish however, it becomes dangerous for pregnant women.
Due to the presence of a tiny parasite in the raw meat which may result in toxoplasmosis. It is good to have well-cooked food to avoid the transfer of nay live microorganisms from meat to human.
During pregnancy foods such as Parma ham, chorizo, pepperoni, and salami should be avoided for the healthy growth and development of the baby.
Organ meat is a rich source of fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin-A, D, E, and K along with other important minerals which absorption is controlled by the liver.
These fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the liver for later use which makes them rich in vitamins, hence their consumption may lead to excessive vitamins in the body.
A pregnant mother should avoid taking liver meat which has excessive vitamins and may be harmful to the baby. Mothers should prefer multivitamins rather than prying on organ meat.
Raw or Undercooked Eggs
Though eggs are a rich source of protein, fat vitamins, and minerals which makes them the perfect balanced food however in raw or undercooked form can result in diarrhea and vomiting in pregnant women. It is caused by food poisoning due to the presence of salmonella in raw eggs.
The food poisoning caused by salmonella can harm the baby. It’s advisable to use the perfectly cooked egg or look for salmonella-free eggs. Some of the egg varieties are free from salmonella however it best to cook them before use.
Fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, cord, mackerel, trout, and sardines and rich in omega-3 fats and a rich source of vitamin D, and their consumption is good for health.
Pregnant women have enhanced requirement of omega-3 fats for the development and growth of the baby and at the same time vitamin D which are essential for strong bones.
The consumption of this fishes is essential for pregnant women however the intake shouldn’t exceed two servings in a week.
Fats in the fish are a source of pollutants and heavy metals such as mercury which is harmful to the baby. Pregnant women should avoid the consumption of fish such as swordfish and sharks.
Coffee is a popular drink to enhance concentration and alertness due to the presence of caffeine in it. The consumption of caffeine might result in low birth weight and may result in miscarriages.
The consumption of caffeine is harmful to the baby and should be completely avoided during pregnancy. If it’s difficult to quit, women can go for decaffeinated drinks which will result in controlling the caffeine intake.
Caffeine is also present in varieties of drink which should also be avoided however the content of caffeine can be limited by controlling the daily intake which may have similar effects.
There is always debate upon the use of alcohol during pregnancy. It should be avoided if possible, otherwise, the intake of alcohol should be controlled to one or two servings.
Many health professionals may not advise to entirely cut the alcohol intake however it’s good for both mother and baby. The consumption should especially be avoided during the first three months.
The excessive consumption of alcohol may result in electrolyte imbalance, excessive excretion, and malabsorption of important nutrients such as iron required for the essential supply of oxygen.
Pregnant women should avoid the consumption of pate due to the underlying risk of listeriosis caused by the presence of microorganisms present in the liver.
It can harm the baby if consumed during pregnancy and result in severe illness in the newborn. It is always advisable to avoid pate to reduce the risk of listeria infection.
Uncooked & Undercooked Ready Prepared Meals
It is essential for pregnant women to only prefer fully cooked meals to avoid any sort of infections caused by pathogens and other microorganisms. The risk of listeriosis always looming over in the case of ready-prepared meals.
Pregnant women should avoid certain kind of cheese which have the risk of listeria infection after consumption. Some of the cheese such as blue-veined cheese, brie or camembert, Danish blue, gorgonzola, and goat cheese should be avoided during pregnancy.
Pregnancy is very fragile, and any sort of ignorance can cost miscarriages and loss of a baby or in certain cases severe newborn illness. The couple should be mindful of the food items and beverages they consume along with portion size.
These harmful consumables should be avoided and if not possible should be minimized to a bare minimum level. Please consult any health professionals before making and choices about food items and beverages. “Eat Healthily, Stay Healthy”.