Every couple have the dream to get pregnant and they do every possible act which will make this dream come true. Every step during pregnancy like getting pregnant, carrying baby and delivering baby are equally important.
In order to smoothly sail through the different steps, the mother needs to strong and healthy which can be achieve by the balanced and healthy diet along with the essential physical activities. The balanced diet will help in achieving equilibrium between carbs, protein, fats and nutrients.
During pregnancy, the energy and nutrient requirements shoots up due to weight gain, growth and development of fetus. It is necessary for carrying mother to maintain healthy weight for sound growth and development of the baby.
The iron absorption in pregnant women is very efficient and increases the blood volume in order to provide enough oxygen supply for the mother and the baby.
Balanced and healthy diet is the key to maintain the perfect harmony between macro- and micro-nutrients essential for the growth and development of baby and health of pregnant women. However certain food items and beverages may be harmful during pregnancy.
Some of the food items which might have detrimental to pregnant women and baby and discussed along with their salient features.
Unpasteurized Dairy and Dairy Products
In urban areas we are lucky to have only pasteurized milk however people living in the outskirts doesn’t have this sort of leverage and they are forced to have unpasteurized milk which may be harmful if consumed without boiling.
Unpasteurized milk and its associated dairy product may contain harmful microorganism and lead to listeriosis, toxoplasmosis and campylobacter. It can also be present in goat and sheep milk and its derived products.
Raw and Uncooked Meat
Due to the change in lifestyle we opted different cooking style which may not be perfect cook for pregnant women and baby like grilled meat. It’s never been advisable to eat uncooked meat or raw fish however, it become dangerous for pregnant women.
Due to presence of tiny parasite in the raw meat which may result in toxoplasmosis. It good to have well cooked food in order to avoid transfer of nay live microorganism from meat to human.
During pregnancy foods such as Parma ham, chorizo, pepperoni and salami should be avoided for healthy growth and development of the baby.
Organ meat are rich source of fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin-A, D, E and K along with other important minerals which absorption is controlled by the liver.
These fat-soluble vitamins are stored in liver for later use which makes it rich in vitamins, hence its consumption may lead to excessive of vitamins in body.
Pregnant mother should avoid taking liver meat which have excessive vitamins and may be harmful for the baby. Mother should prefer multivitamins rather than prying on organ meat.
Raw or Undercooked Eggs
Though eggs are rich source of protein, fat vitamins and minerals which makes it perfect balanced food however in raw or undercooked form can result in diarrhea and vomiting in pregnant women. It is caused by the food poisoning due to presence of salmonella in raw eggs.
The food poisoning caused by salmonella can harm baby. Its advisable to use the perfectly cooked egg or look for salmonella free eggs. Somme of the egg varieties are free from salmonella however it best to cook it before use.
Fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, cord, mackerel, trout and sardines and rich in omega-3 fats and rich source of vitamin D and its consumption is food for health.
Pregnant women have enhanced requirement of omega-3 fats for the development and growth of the baby and at the same time vitamin D which are essential for the strong bones.
The consumption of this fishes is essential for pregnant women however the intake shouldn’t exceed two servings in a week.
Fats in the fish are source of pollutants and heavy metals such as mercury which is harmful for the baby. Pregnant women should avoid consumption of fish such as swordfish and shark.
Coffee being the popular drinks to enhance concentration and alertness due to presence of caffeine in it. The consumption of caffeine during might result in low birth weight and may result in miscarriages.
The consumption of caffeine is harmful for the baby and should be completely avoided during pregnancy. If its difficult to quit, women can go for decaffeinated drinks which will result in controlling the caffeine intake.
Caffeine is also present in varieties of drink which should also be avoided however the content of caffeine can be limited by controlling the daily intake which may have similar effects.
There is always debate upon the uses of alcohol during pregnancy. It should be avoided if possible, otherwise the intake of alcohol should be controlled to one or two servings.
Many health professionals may not advise to entirely cut the alcohol intake however its good for the both mother and baby. The consumption should especially be avoided during first three months.
The excessive consumption of alcohol may result in electrolyte imbalance, excessive excretion and malabsorption of important nutrients such as iron required for the essential supply of oxygen.
The pregnant women should avoid the consumption of pate due the underlying risk of listeriosis caused by the presence of microorganism present in liver.
It can harm baby if consumed during pregnancy and result in severe illness in newborn. It always advisable to avoid pate to reduce the risk of listeria infection.
Uncooked & Undercooked Ready Prepared Meals
It is essential for pregnant women to only prefer fully cooked meals in order to avoid any sort of infections caused by the pathogens and other microorganism. The risk of listeriosis always looming over in case of ready prepared meals.
Pregnant women should avoid certain kind of cheese which have risk of listeria infection after consumption. Some of the cheese such as blue-veined cheese, brie or camembert, Danish blue, gorgonzola and goat cheese should be avoided during pregnancy.
Pregnancy is very fragile, and any sort of ignorance can cost miscarriages and loss of baby or in certain cases sever newborn illness. Couple should be mindful of the food items and beverages they consume along with portion size.
These harmful consumables should be avoided and if not possible should be minimized to bare minimum level. Please consult any health professionals before making and choices about food items and beverages. “Eat Healthy, Stay Healthy”.